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Left subclavian artery latin

Subclavian artery. Article Media. The subclavian artery (Latin: arteria subclavia) is a major blood vessel located in the thorax that provides blood supply to the upper limb, while some of its branches participate in supplying the head and neck. The subclavian arteries arise asymmetrically but follow similar courses The left subclavian artery is the fifth branch of the aorta and the third branch from the arch of the aorta. The right subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic artery and its branches. (Right subclavian is at upper left, and left subclavian is at upper right.) Details The left subclavian artery arises as the third and final great vessel from the aortic arch. The right subclavian artery arises from the innominate artery. The subclavian artery extends from its origin to the lateral border of the first rib. It is divided into three segments based on the relationship of the anterior scalene muscle (Fig. 13-6) Description. The subclavian artery is the artery that passes with the roots of brachial plexus between the anterior and middle scalene muscles, through the scalene space, over the first rib in the groove for the subclavian artery. It ends at the lateral border of the first rib and continues as the axillary artery Left common carotid artery; Left subclavian artery; Continues as descending aorta, thoracic part: Vein: Combination of superior and inferior vena cava: Supplies: From its branches, the upper body, arms, head and neck. As a part of the aorta, the entire body, with exception of the respiratory zone of the lung and the heart. Identifiers; Latin: Arcus aortae: TA9

The subclavian vein (Latin: vena subclavia) is a large blood vessel that arises from the axillary vein. It is one of the deep veins of the neck. The subclavian vein originates at the outer border of the first rib. It travels within the subclavian groove, then runs laterally to the medial border of the anterior scalene The subclavian vein is a paired large vein, one on either side of the body, that is responsible for draining blood from the upper extremities, allowing this blood to return to the heart. The left subclavian vein plays a key role in the absorption of lipids, by allowing products that have been carried by lymph to enter the bloodstream, where it can enter the hepatic portal vein. The diameter of the subclavian veins is approximately 1-2 cm, depending on the individual Your subclavian artery has two different origins: it arises from the brachiocephalic artery on the right, and from the arch of the aorta on the left. It is divided into three parts by the anterior scalene muscle, as you can see in the figure below The highest intercostal artery ( supreme intercostal artery or superior intercostal artery) is an artery in the human body that usually gives rise to the first and second posterior intercostal arteries, which supply blood to their corresponding intercostal space FMA. 3939. Anatomical terminology. In anatomy, the left and right common carotid arteries ( carotids) ( English: / kəˈrɒtɪd /) are arteries that supply the head and neck with oxygenated blood; they divide in the neck to form the external and internal carotid arteries

Subclavian artery - Anatom

The video describes the anatomy of subclavian artery. this includes its origin, termination and branches with special emphasis on anastmoses around the scapula Operator: Dr. John Coppola with Dr. Snajay Shah(Case 1/ Day 2 Management of the left subclavian artery (SCA) during aortic arch surgery is associated with several challenges, including preserving distal perfusion, achieving hemostasis and preventing posterior circulation stroke and spinal cord injury. The most common challenge remains its deep position in the The left and right subclavian arteries are two major arteries in the thorax that lie beneath the clavicles.They receive blood flowing from the aortic arch, and once they pass the lateral border of the first rib, they become known as the axillary arteries.. The subclavian artery is the source for supplying the upper limb with arterial blood. . Its terminal branch, the axillary artery supplies.

Subclavian artery - WikiMili, The Free Encyclopedi

  1. Right aortic arch (RAA) is one of a number of types of congenital aortic arch abnormalities. It was divided into two types: mirror-image branching and aberrant left subclavian artery (LSCA). The incidence of RAA is about 0.1%,
  2. Management of Left Subclavian Artery with TEVAR KRISTOFER M. CHARLTON-OUW and ALI AZIZZADEH Presentation An 82-year-old woman complains of left-hand pain after undergoing an urgent TEVAR for a symptomatic descending thoracic aortic aneurysm. A preoperative CT scan showed both saccular and fusiform aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta without evidence of rupture (Fig. 1A an
  3. Brachiocephalic artery. Left common carotid artery. Left subclavian artery. Origin of left common carotid artery. Left anterior oblique aortogram of a 59-year-old man demonstrates the so-called bovine aortic arch, a common anatomic variant. The left common carotid artery arises from the proximal aspect of the brachiocephalic artery
  4. Link to PayPal donation https://paypal.me/studentlamedicina?locale.x=en_USHead and neck anatomy - Branches of the subclavian artery.The right subclavian arte..
  5. Left internal mammary artery (LIMA) bypass graft to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) have better longterm survival when compared with the use of a venous conduit to the LAD [1,2]. It is a very important lifeline for coronary artery bypass patients and dissection of the LIMA is often disastrous
  6. Subclavian artery stenosis is uncommon. The cause is typically atherosclerosis. It is usually a disease of smokers and of diabetics. There are other causes, such as vasculitis and trauma, among others. The left subclavian artery is involved more often than the right. While some patients have symptoms, most do not
  7. g from a diverticulum of Kommerell, which is an outpouching from the distal remnant of the left aortic arch (see Fig. 42.4A )
Dorsal scapular artery - wikidoc

Home; Books; Search; Support. How-To Tutorials; Suggestions; Machine Translation Editions; Noahs Archive Project; About Us. Terms and Conditions; Get Published. The subclavian arteries lie just below the clavicles, providing blood supply to the bilateral upper extremities with contributions to the head and neck. The right subclavian artery derives from the brachiocephalic trunk, while the left subclavian artery originates directly from the aortic arch. The Objective: This study was conducted to determine the results of left subclavian artery (LSA) coverage during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the results of 308 patients who underwent TEVAR from 1999 to 2007. The LSA was completely covered in 70 patients (53 men, 13 women), with a mean age of 67 years (range 41-89) The word lusoria comes from the Latin phrase lusus naturae, meaning freak of nature, which refers to the anomalous course of the artery 1. Differential diagnosis. As adult-onset of dysphagia lusoria is rare, it should prompt evaluation for other reasons such as malignancy, vascular disease, or gastro-esophageal reflux disease 3-5 Left subclavian artery coverage without revascular-ization in any of these conditions could compromise the left arm or posterior circulation collateral blood supply. To our knowledge, the Doppler findings of a complete subclavian steal resulting from intentional left subclavian

The left subclavian artery (LSA) is usually difficult to manipulate in total aortic arch replacement procedures if it is displaced by huge false lumens in the ascending aorta or right hemiarch. We summarize our experience of selectively ligating the deeply located LSA in total aortic arch replacement and stented elephant trunk implantation procedures for Stanford type A aortic dissection The majority of the supra-aortic atherosclerotic occlusive lesions involves the left subclavian artery. 1 Such disease results in a subclavian steal, which was first described in 1961 by Reivich et al. 2 By occluding the left subclavian artery, arterial flow is provided by the right subclavian artery with flow into the right vertebral artery and then retrograde flow into the left. Left subclavian artery. The first part of the left subclavian artery arises from the arch of the aorta, behind the left common carotid, and at the level of the fourth thoracic vertebra; it ascends in the superior mediastinal cavity to the root of the neck and then arches lateralward to the medial border of the Scalenus anterior Subclavian steal symptoms developed in 3 patients with complete left subclavian artery coverage, but none had symptoms severe enough to warrant intervention. Left arm rest pain developed in 1 patient with partial left subclavian artery coverage and was successfully treated by deployment of a left subclavian artery stent

Left Subclavian Artery - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Left subclavian artery - IMAIO

The most frequent are: common origin of the right brachiocephalic artery and the left common carotid artery (so-called bovine arch) (25% prevalence) and aberrant origin of the left vertebral artery proximal to origin of the left subclavian artery, as seen in this case, (2.4-5.8% prevalence) Through a left postero-lateral thoracotomy, the left main coronary artery is detached from the main pulmonary artery with a cuff of pulmonary wall after lateral clamping of the pulmonary artery. Tapes are encercling the pulmonary artery and the descending thoracic aorta, making them ready for an eventual connection to the standby bypass, in case the coronary clamping is not well tolerated Subclavian artery: | | | |Subclavian artery| | | | | |... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most. Open surgical rerouting and proximal ligation of one or more supra-aortic vessels prior to endovascular stent-graft placement has become an alternative to major open thoracic surgery in the treatment of complex thoracic aortic disease. Complications owing to failed surgical ligation of the left subclavian artery are rare. In this report, 3 cases of failed ligation are presented Subclavian steal refers to a phenomenon of flow reversal in a branch of the subclavian artery that is the result of an ipsilateral hemodynamically significant lesion of the proximal subclavian artery. 1,2 Subclavian stenoses, however, are most often asymptomatic and therefore do not require specific therapy other than that directed at the underlying etiology

Aortic arch - Wikipedi

left subclavian artery. left subclavian artery. arteria subclavia izquierda. English-Spanish medical dictionary . 2013. left pulmonary artery. In total, 63 subclavian-carotid bypass grafts and 38 subclavian-carotid transpositions were performed in the context of TEVAR. The majority was performed prior to stent grafting to reduce the risk of stroke (n = 50), spinal cord ischaemia (n = 20), left arm malperfusion (n = 10) or to preserve a patent left internal mammary artery coronary bypass graft (n = 2)

Right aortic arch (RAA) is one of a number of types of congenital aortic arch abnormalities. It was divided into two types: mirror-image branching and aberrant left subclavian artery (LSCA) .The incidence of RAA is about 0.1% , .In a normal case, the aorta arises from the left ventricle upward to the right side, becomes aortic arch, and runs backward to the left in front of the trachea, and. Left subclavian artery stenosis was considered significant when angiography showed stenosis of at least 50% with a brachial systolic pressure difference of at least 20 mm Hg. All patients received aspirin (100 mg/day) and clopi-dogrel (75 mg/day) before the procedure, and the dua

Subclavian vein cannulation is popular. Unlike the internal jugular vein or axillary vein, there is little variability in normal subclavian anatomy; thus, errant needle punctures (eg, of the subclavian artery or pleura) are less likely. However, the complications resulting from an errant vascular puncture (soft-tissue bleeding, hematoma, hemothorax, and pneumothorax) can be more serious than. The subclavian vein is the major venous channel that drains the upper limb.. Gross anatomy Origin and course. The subclavian vein starts at the crossing of the lateral border of the 1 st rib.It then arches cephalad, posterior to the medial clavicle before curving caudally and receiving its only tributary, the external jugular vein, which drains into the subclavian vein at the lateral border of.

Subclavian vein - Anatom

FIG 1. Volume-rendered CT of some aortic arch variants. A, Left aortic arch with normal branching pattern.B, Left aortic arch with a common origin (arrow) of the brachiocephalic trunk and left common carotid artery.C, Left aortic arch with separate origins of an aberrant right subclavian (arrow), and the left subclavian arteries and a common trunk for both carotid arteries Often, subclavian artery disease does not cause any symptoms because the disease progresses slowly or the body creates blood vessels around the blockage to maintain flow—or both. Other symptoms can include: Dizziness (vertigo) with arm activity. Feeling as if you might pass out We present a case of a 65-year-old male admitted for a small bowel obstruction who was incidentally found to have a left subclavian artery dissection on computed tomography angiogram (CTA) of the aorta. Non-traumatic subclavian artery dissection (SAD) is rare and only a few cases have been published in the literature. In this report, we review previously reported clinical presentations. Medical Chinese dictionary (湘雅医学词典) left subclavian artery. Interpretation Translatio Computed tomography angiography demonstrated isolated dissection of the left subclavian artery. The magnification of the image shows the regular profile of left vertebral artery (asterisk) and the.

Subclavian vein - Wikipedi

  1. imum diameter of the subclavian artery should be at least 6mm when using the 14Fr inline sheath
  2. subclavian artery, and the aberrant left subclavian artery (retroesophageal) [5]. • Cleavage at site 5, between the left subclavian artery forward and the descending aorta behind is responsible for a right aortic arch with successive births of a left brachiocephalic artery trunk, the right carotid artery, and the right subclavian artery [5]
  3. Aberrant left subclavian artery (arrowheads) is larger at its origin than more distally, consistent with Kommer-ell's diverticulum. Trachea (arrow) is severely compressed at this level. B, Endoscopic image at same level as A shows extrinsic posterior compression (arrows) of trachea
  4. Usually, the vertebral artery is the first branch arising from the proximal subclavian artery. A left vertebral artery arising directly from the aortic arch between the origin of the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery is the most common variant (4-5% of the population) (Koenigsberg et al. 2003)
  5. ate) artery shares a common origin with the left common carotid artery.. A bovine arch is apparent in ~15% (range 8-25%) of the population and is more common in individuals of African descent. A related variant, also known as truncus bicaroticus, is the origin of the left common carotid artery.

One of the common types of vascular ring is formed by a right aortic arch, aberrant left subclavian artery and left‐sided ductus arteriosus 1. Bilateral ductus arteriosus is uncommon and can also result in a vascular ring 2 ; it has been reported previously in association with right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery 3 - 5 The right brachiocephalic artery divides into two terminal branches: right subclavian artery and right common carotid artery. Left subclavian artery (LSA) The arch of aorta gives off three branches: brachiocephalic artery left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery. Left subclavian is the last branch of the arch of the aorta The left subclavian artery arises directly from the arch of the aorta, while the right arises from the brachiocephalic artery. The left lies deeper, is longer and more vertical. The relations of the second and third portions of the subclavian artery are alike on both sides. In its second portion, the artery lies behind the anterior scalene and. (AA: aortic arch; LCCA: left common carotid artery; LSA: left subclavian artery; BT: brachiocephalic trunk; *: left vertebral artery) Origin point of the VA were reported as from the aortic arch, between the LCCA and LSA or after LSA, from the thyrocervical trunk, from the brachiocephalic trunk, from the common carotid artery, from the external carotid artery, from a trunk formed by LSA and LVA

In human cardiovascular system: The aorta and its principal branches. common carotid, and the left subclavian. These three branches supply the head, neck, and arms with oxygenated blood The left subclavian artery branches directly from the aortic arch, whereas the right subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic trunk, also known as the innominate artery (Figure 32-1). The subclavian artery courses posteriorly to the clavicle and travels between the anterior and middle scalene muscles of the lateral neck. A 22-year-old lady was referred to our institute for the management of pulmonary atresia with hypoplastic pulmonary arteries. Computed tomographic Angiography (CTA) showed right aortic arch with left brachicephalic artery as the first branch, which trifurcated into internal carotid, external carotid and subclavian artery high up in the neck at the level of third cervical vertebra Prophylactic revascularization of the left subclavian artery before coverage was deemed necessary in the setting of a dominant left vertebral artery, anomalous subclavian or vertebral arteries (such as a direct aortic arch origin of the left vertebral), functional compromise of the posterior circulation, and a prior coronary artery bypass graft using the left internal mammary artery Isolated subclavian artery arising from the pulmonary artery is exceedingly rare. Most cases are associated with other forms of congenital heart disease and typically present with subclavian or pulmonary steal syndromes. We report the case of a patient with pulmonary hypertension which masked the isolated subclavian artery, allowing it to.

Palpable Anatomy: The Subclavian Artery Bone Brok

  1. The left subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare entity with few cases reported in the literature. Most injuries were related to iatrogenic manipulation with catheters for canalization of central lines. In rare cases, this injury has been described secondary to a blunt trauma
  2. We describe the case of a 5 day-old girl in whom an isolated left subclavian artery arising from the pulmonary artery was detected after surgical entry for repair of transposition of the great arteries. PMID: 29860892 [Indexed for MEDLINE] Publication Types: Case Reports; Video-Audio Media; MeSH terms. Abnormalities, Multiple
  3. Proximal left subclavian artery (LSA) could not be assessed, however, spectral study of the homolateral axillary artery showed an unusual monophasic tardus waveform. In this hypertensive patient, peak systolic velocity was abnormally asymmetric when compared with the right artery (Fig. 2 a, b)
  4. We present a 71-year-old woman with left main coronary trunk stenosis, occluded right coronary artery, left subclavian artery occlusion, severe aortic valve regurgitation and porcelain aorta with aortitis. Case presentation. A 71-year-old woman was transferred to our institution because of unstable angina
  5. Peroperatively, a 4 × 4 cm size aneurysm of the left subclavian artery with thrombus was found infringing on to superior segment of left upper lobe bronchus. Surgery entailed posterolateral thoracotomy to gain access to the arch of aorta and disconnection of origin of left subclavian artery aneurysm from aortic arch without the aid of circulatory support followed by resection of left upper lobe segment
  6. Subclavian steal syndrome constitutes a compromised vertebrobasilar circulation, secondary to retrograde flow to the arm from the contralateral vertebral artery resulting in a 'stealing' of blood.
  7. The left subclavian artery either originates directly from the arch of the aorta. The right subclavian artery arises from the brachiocephalic artery which is a branch of the aorta. The subclavian artery rises from its origin in the chest cavity and passes a short distance into the root of the neck before continuing into the axillary artery

Intercostal arteries - Wikipedi

The left common carotid artery supplying the left side of the brain and the left subclavian artery supplying the left arm are not combined and both arise along the aortic arch distal to the brachiocephalic artery. As small as the brachiocephalic artery is,. The subclavian artery is a branch of the brachiocephalic artery on the right side. The brachiocephalic artery is also called innominate artery and it divides into common carotid and right subclavian arteries. On the left, the subclavian artery typically arises directly from the aorta as the last supra-aortic trunk

Axillary artery - WikipediaStenosis Left Subclavian Artery - Vascular Case Studies

2. Of or relating to a subclavian part. 3. Of or relating to the subclavian artery or vein. n. A subclavian structure, such as a nerve or muscle. [From New Latin subclāvius : sub- + Latin clāvis, key; see clavicle .] American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition Spontaneous subclavian artery dissection or dissection following minimal trauma is a rare entity, with less than 10 cases having been reported in the literature.1 Subclavian artery dissection is more commonly reported following accidental subclavian artery catheterisation.2 It has also been described as occurring with other anomalies of the aortic arch or following trauma.3 Subclavian artery dissection has been associated with hypertension, trauma, vasculitis, pregnancy, migraine. left subclavian artery. Arteria f subclavia sinistra, linke Schlüsselbeinarterie f. Fachwörterbuch Medizin Englisch-Deutsch. 2013.. As left aortic arch is considered the normal variant , it is often the right subclavian artery which is aberrant and hence the abbreviation ARSA (aberrant right subclavian artery). It is also referred to as arteria lusoria dextra

Common carotid artery - Wikipedi

Right aortic arch with isolation of the left subclavian artery and bilateral patent ductus arterioses. Abe M(1), Isobe T, Atsumi N. Author information: (1)Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ibaraki Children's Hospital, Mito, Japan. Of the right aortic arch anomalies, a right arch with isolation of the left subclavian artery is the least common Background: At birth, the ductus arteriosus (DA) merges with the aortic arch in the slightly caudal side of the origin of the left subclavian artery (SCA). Since the SCAs (7th segmental arteries) were fixed on the level of the 7th cervical-first thoracic vertebral bodies, the confluence of DA should migrate caudally Another variant is right sided aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery. Rare anomalies include isolation of either left subclavian artery, left common carotid artery, or innominate artery; that is, they do not have their origin from aorta or its major branches [2]

Subclavian Artery: Anatomy, Function, and Significanc

subclavian artery with its origin distal to that of the left subclavian artery. The right subclavian was occluded proximally and reconsti­ tuted distally via retrograde flow in the right vertebral artery (Figs. 2A and 2B). The left vertebral artery was dominant. There was also left subclavian artery (LSA) origin by the graft is often mandatory to lengthen the fixation segment of the en-dograft. Especially in acute syndromes, the coverage of the LSA during endovascular stent-graft placement is tempting without surgical revascularization. In additio An aberrant subclavian artery, also known as the arteria lusoria, is an embryologic anomaly that occurs when the fourth right aortic arch and distal aorta involute and the seventh right inner segmental artery remains, resulting in a subclavian artery arising from the descending thoracic aorta distal to the left subclavian artery (LSA). 1 It is the most common congenital anomaly of the aortic arch

Subclavian steal syndrome affects the artery that supplies blood to the neck and head or the arteries that supply blood to the arms. Because of this, people may experience symptoms in these areas Subclavian steal syndrome, a form of peripheral artery disease (PAD), is a set of symptoms caused by a blockage in one of the subclavian arteries, the large arteries that supply the arms. Because of the location of the blockage, blood is shunted (stolen) away from the brain to the affected arm. Consequently, the symptoms of subclavian. Atherosclerosis is regarded as the most common cause of subclavian steal syndrome. The disease is defined as the narrowing and hardening of the arteries as a result of plaque buildup around the arterial wall. The anatomical location of the left subclavian artery puts it at risk for atherosclerosis that subclavian steal syndrome on the left side of the body is more common than on the right side. Ideally the length of the Intraaortic balloon membrane (22-27.5 cm) should match to the distance from the left subclavian artery (LSA) to the celiac axis (CA), (LSA - CA). By being able to estimate this distance, better guidance regarding IABP sizing could be recommended. Internal aortic lengths and demographic values were collected from a series of 40 cadavers during autopsy The subclavian artery stenosis was addressed with balloon angioplasty, placement of a 9- X 19-mm balloon- expandable stent in the proximal left subclavian artery, and placement of an 8- X 18-mm stent distally, overlapping the first stent (Figure 5). A repeat carotid duplex revealed antegrade flow in the left vertebral artery

Left subclavian artery aneurysm: Two cases of rare

left subclavian artery by catheterization. This case report demonstrates that a right-sided aortic arch with an aberrant subclavian artery can be diagnosed prenatally, that in these patients a stenosis of the subclavian artery can occur in early infancy and requires awareness of the neonatologist or pediatrician, and that stent implantatio Subclavian definition is - of, relating to, being, or inserted into a part (such as an artery, vein, or nerve) located under the clavicle. How to use subclavian in a sentence Total occlusion of left subclavian artery is a stump noted not at the ostium. 2. Right and left common carotid artery doesn't show any stenosis. 3. Right vertebral artery shows ostial stenosis of 80% shows retrograde flow to the left vertebral artery filling of the distal subclavian and axillary and brachial artery Scroll Stack. Axial C+ arterial phase. Post-contrast imaging confirms the presence of a right-sided aortic arch. The posterior indentation of the esophagus is caused by the anomalous left subclavian artery that arises distal to the other two aortic branch vessels At first, the left subclavian artery could not be traversed with the catheter, soft coronary J guidewire (0.014 inches), forming a loop at the proximal segment as if the artery was totally occluded. Administration of contrast agent revealed a web-like calcified lesion at the proximal segment of the artery, creating a firm line between the distal segments (Figure 1 )

15 Best Subclavian artery ideas arteries, subclavian

The left subclavian artery was ruptured about 2 cm of length, but the arterial wall was contused longer than the ruptured portion—this extended from the origin of subclavian to the left vertebral artery. The origin of subclavian artery was sutured with pledgets on the aortic wall,. Although no author has advocated the prophylactic repair of aberrant subclavian arteries in the absence of symptoms or rupture, a Kommerell diverticulum will accompany a right subclavian artery in 20% to 60% of cases. 1,10,14 In one center's imaging experience with both left- and right-sided arch abnormalities, 43% of patients with an aberrant right subclavian artery (left aortic arch) and. An example of the second pattern, in which the ductus arteriosus originates from the right pulmonary artery, and there is partial regression of the left portion of the double aortic arch between the origins of the left common carotid (LCA) and the left subclavian artery (LSA), according to Edwards' 7 classification Left aortic arch with aberrant right subclavian artery is the most common congenital anomaly of the aortic arch with a prevalence of 0.5%-2% ( 14 ). This anomaly results from regression of the right arch (between the right common carotid and right subclavian arteries) including the right ductus arteriosus ( Fig 6 )

Rogers JH, Calhoun RF 2nd. Diagnosis and management of subclavian artery stenosis prior to coronary artery bypass grafting in the current era. J Card Surg 2007; 22:20. Hwang HY, Kim JH, Lee W, et al. Left subclavian artery stenosis in coronary artery bypass: prevalence and revascularization strategies. Ann Thorac Surg 2010; 89:1146 Cerebellar and cerebral infarctions caused by the syndrome of cervical rib with thrombosis of subclavian artery are very unusual. We report the case of a 49-year-old male patient with a right cervical rib compression leading to subclavian arterial thrombosis and both cerebellar and cerebral infarctions secondary to retrograde thromboembolisation All patients underwent division of their left aortic arch, division of the ligamentum, and resection of the KD. The left subclavian artery was transferred to the left carotid artery in 2 patients Ligation of the ligamentum arteriosum and aberrant left subclavian artery in five dogs in which persistent right aortic arch had been diagnosed. Penny J. Regier DVM, MS, DACVS‐SA. Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida

Superficial temporal artery - WikipediaBrachiocephalic artery - WikipediaFold of left vena cava - WikipediaHeart and Circulation - Dental Hygiene 231 with Kuba at
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